Refractive Error and Ocular Motility Top 10

  1. What factors influence the development of refractive error (myopia, astigmatism, presbyopia, and long-sightedness)?
  2. What is the cause of both congenital and acquired nystagmus?
  3. How can the development of binocular vision in young children with squint and amblyopia be promoted, and would the same approach work in older individuals without inducing intractable diplopia?
  4. Would correction of refractive error have a positive impact on early life learning and development?
  5. Does early diagnosis of refractive error improve long-term prognosis and promote faster, more effective treatment?
  6. What is the effect of congenital nystagmus on visual and emotional development?
  7. What is the most effective treatment for exotropia and when should it be delivered?
  8. How can the functional effects of surgical treatment for squint be best assessed?
  9. Could the accurate testing of refractive error be made less dependent on a subjective response, i.e. the person's own response?
  10. How can myopia be prevented?

The following questions were also discussed and ranked in order of priority at the workshop:

  1. How can people with visual distortion accurately be assessed?
  2. How can more effective treatments for both congenital and acquired nystagmus be developed?
  3. What is the relationship between progressive myopia and glaucoma?
  4. What is the impact of delaying squint surgery until after treatment of amblyopia?
  5. What is the relationship between progressive myopia and retinal detachment?
  6. What is the most effective way to detect nystagmus in all age groups?