Priority 4 from the Occupational Therapy PSP

UNCERTAINTY: What are the long-term benefits of occupational therapy intervention? (JLA PSP Priority 4)
Overall ranking 4
JLA question ID 0100/4
Explanatory note This question asks about the enduring impact of occupational therapy interventions after intervention has finished. Does the person who accessed occupational therapy services continue to benefit from the intervention/s once they've been discharged from occupational therapy? What is the nature of any lasting benefits? How do they compare to the benefits measured at discharge?

There is limited evidence addressing this question. This is an area of uncertainty.
Ng, S. S. W., et al. (2013). "Long-term Efficacy of Occupational Lifestyle Redesign Programme for Strokes." Hong Kong Journal of Occupational Therapy 23(2): 46-53.
Nielsen, T. L., et al. (2017). "What are the short-term and long-term effects of occupation-focused and occupation-based occupational therapy in the home on older adults’ occupational performance? A systematic review." Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy 24(4): 235-248.
Weaver, J., et al. (2016). "Long-Term Functional Outcomes Following Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation: A Longitudinal Study." American Journal of Occupational Therapy 70: 1-1.
Zanatta, E., et al. (2017). "Long-term improvement in activities of daily living in women with systemic sclerosis attending occupational therapy." British Journal of Occupational Therapy 80(7): 417-422.

Health Research Classification System category Generic Health Relevance
Extra information provided by this PSP
Original uncertainty examples What longer term research has been completed on the longer term benefits of OT interventions? ~ What is the long term benefit of seeing an occupational therapist in a mental health setting, dementia care setting, social care setting? ~ long term implications/outcomes following occupational therapy in paediatrics ~ The long-term benefits of occupational therapy - post discharge. ~ Does the impact of OT have substantial lasting effects?
Submitted by Occupational therapists, People with a different interest, Other
PSP information
PSP unique ID 0100
PSP name Occupational Therapy
Total number of uncertainties identified by this PSP. 66  (To see a full list of all uncertainties identified, please see the detailed spreadsheet held on the JLA website)
Date of priority setting workshop 27 July 2020